See the benefits of CO2 pipelines, their safety record, and the clean jobs they will create

Pipelines Make our COChallenge an opportunity 

We can now capture carbon dioxide and store it away, permanently preventing it from entering the atmosphere.

But here’s the challenge: The places where CO2 emissions are produced and captured are far away from locations where we can store them.

That challenge becomes an opportunity when we transport carbon emissions safely by pipeline and create new jobs at the same time.


Today In America, There Are Already 5,000 Miles Of CO2 Pipelines

CO2 pipelines are safely moving carbon dioxide for use in energy, food production and medical applications, as well as the manufacture of products like refrigerants, foam rubber, fire extinguishers and carbonated beverages.


CO2 Pipeline Safety In Action

Hi-Tech Inspection Tools

Preventive Maintenance

24/7 Monitoring

Hi-Grade Steel & Protective Coatings

Federal Government Pipeline Safety Requirements


  • The U.S. Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) in 1989 expanded its federal regulations for similar systems like crude oil and refined products to also cover CO2 pipelines.
  • Congress in the Pipeline Safety Reauthorization Act of 1988 required the U.S. Department of Transportation to regulate CO2 pipelines.
  • Current PHMSA regulations at 49 CFR Part 195 prescribe hundreds of requirements on the construction, inspection, maintenance, monitoring and incident response for CO2pipelines. PHMSA inspects and enforces compliance with potential fines on pipeline operators violating federal CO2 pipeline safety requirements.

Pipeline Safety is A Partnership of Protection


Multiple government agencies work together to ensure pipeline safety and environmental protection. Each agency at the federal, state, county and local levels performs a role in pipeline projects.


CO2 Pipeline Safety Record


  • Government pipeline safety data collected by PHMSA and publicly available shows CO2pipeline incidents are rare and declining.
  • CO2 pipelines have a lower incident rate than both crude oil and refined products pipelines.

Past Experience

CO2 pipelines are not new. They’ve operated in the U.S. for over 50 years. They now span over 5,000 miles across several states.

Present Performance

CO2 pipelines have a safety track record as some of the safest pipelines we have. According to publicly available government data, over the last 5 years, CO2 pipelines have a lower incident rate than both crude oil and refined products pipelines.

Future Performance

The pipeline industry is currently developing new best practices for operators to prepare for and respond in the unlikely event of a CO2 pipeline incident.

Underground CO2 Storage Has operated Safely for decades

We can now capture carbon emissions instead of releasing them into the atmosphere. Pipelines are needed to deliver those emissions from where they’re captured to their permanent underground storage area hundreds or potentially thousands of miles away.

CO2 Storage
  • Natural geology makes underground CO2 storage safe. Impermeable layers of rock deep underground act as a lid to keep stored CO2 in place.
  • CO2 underground storage is governed by federal and state regulations. CO2 underground storage sites must meet federal construction, operations and monitoring requirements before injection operations commence and continually thereafter.
  • Underground storage is proven safe. Underground storage sites storing natural gas, propane, crude oil and carbon dioxide have operated safely in the U.S. for over 30 years.


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CO2 Pipeline Are Essential For A Future, Clean-Energy Economy

  • Many things we need produce carbon dioxide, including cars, planes, agriculture, the manufacture of materials we use for roads, concrete, and countless other daily essentials.

  • Carbon capture and storage (CCS) will help us achieve our climate goals. Imagine capturing most of the CO2 produced by a city, a powerplant or a factory, and safely storing it underground forever.
  • CO2 pipelines will help us enjoy a modern economy while protecting the environment and creating new clean energy jobs

Pipeline basics

Information on how pipelines work, how they are constructed and what pipeline operators do to keep them safe.


Pipelines deliver the benefits of affordable energy, helping us get where we need to go and making life more convenient.

Safety & Environment 

Proactive inspections, preventive maintenance, and 24/7 monitoring all keep pipelines and surrounding areas safe.